Are there 365 islands in Mahone Bay?
“Chester, with its 365 emerald-carpeted islands-one for each day of the year-is a veritable elysium”
(DesBrisay, Miles B., History of Lunenburg County, 1895, p.254)
Desbrisay did not acknowledge the origin of the above statement. So in an attempt to answer the question, the MICA Resource Documentation Committee has compiled this list of named islands from historical archives.
Our first step was to identify the geographical area for Mahone Bay, and Hydrographic Chart 4381 seemed the most logical choice.
Those names in bold are from 4381, but others in plain type have a reference provided. If two islands have the same name, their geographical locations are given. Following the chart’s format, no apostrophes are included in any names.
This is a living document as there are still archives to check including old charts, maps, grants and local knowledge. So the question remains, would these islands plus remnants that are exposed shoals at low water, along with many named rocks, equal the mythical 365?
Michael Ernst, Sidney Lang, Margaret MacDonald, Jim Rosbee, Linda Wieser
Adams (Squid Cove, near Graves I. Topo 21 A/9)
Andrews Wamblewreath (Grant) Billys (Local) Ernst (Local)
Arties (East River Topo 21A/9)
Backmans Prince Royal (DesBarres) Bachman (CGM and AC)
Bella Elisabeth Isle (DesBarres)
Big Kurser (4381 1945 ed.) Kursers Pt. (AC) Keizer (DM 29) Bird (CGM)
Big Crow (near Stonehurst East Topo 21A/8)
Big Chain (Rackets Topo 21A/8) Centre, Dry, Snipe (Local)
Big Tancook Royal George (DesBarres) Uktankook (Mi’kmaq-facing the open sea.)
Birch(Indian Pt.) Burgoynes (Local)
Bow/Bowl (Stonehurst Topo 21A/8)
Coveys – Island No. 7, Covey (CGM), William Henry (DesBarres), Payzant, Meisner & Chase (Local)
Chockle Cap Jock Cap (CGM) Hobsons (DesBarres)
Crowbar (near Daniels, Martins Pt. Trak)
Daniels Sisters (Local)
Dauphinees (near Middle River Topo 21A/9)
Ernst Part of Giff. (DM 29)
Gifford Young (Local)
Gorehams (Rackets Topo 21A/8)
Grassy (near Tancook)
Grassy – (Rackets near Big Chain Topo 21 /8 and Trak)
Gunning (near Stonehurst East Topo 21A/8) Tanner
Hell (near Stonehurst Topo 21A/8)
Hobsons Hobsons Nose (AC)
Indian (North East end of Heckmans I. Topo 21 A/8)
Jake Is. Rock (Topo 21A/8)
Jimmys (near Deep Cove Topo 21A/9)
Kaulback Rubys (Local) Heislers (Local)
Klungemache Burgoynes (Local)
Little Islands (near Brick Hill 2nd Penn. Topo 21A/8)
Little Crow (near Stonehurst East Topo 21A/8)
Little Green (Rackets Topo 21A/8)
Little Island (2nd. Penn)
Little Island (West Shore)
Swinnehammer (DM 29)
Swinehemers (Chart 4381 – 1940s)
Little Crow (Stonehurst Topo 21A/8)
Little Green (Stonehurst)
Little Rafuse Black (CGM)
Lookout (Stonehurst Topo 21A/8)
Loye Louisa Isles (DesBarres) Trapeans (AC) Varlings (Local)
Marsh (near Long Topo 21A/8)
Mason Edward Isle (DesBarres) Sand Islands – Masons and the Rafuses (AC)
Mason (First Penn.)
Meisners Naas (AC) Norse (1945 Chart 4381)
Mud Islands (near Stonehurst, local name)
Oak Island No. 28 Gloucester (DesBarres) Smiths (Local)
Pearl Green (AC &Topo 21 A/8)
Peters ( near Stonehurst East Topo 21A/8)
Plum (near Oak – Local) Round (Topo 21A/8)
Quaker Chart 4381 1945
Rafuse Frederick Isle (DesBarres) Big Rafuse (Local)
Round Augustus Isle (DesBarres) Winters (local)
Round Island Nubble Mrs. Finneys Hat (local)
Rous Rouse (DM 29) Moshers (Local) Stevens (Local)
Seacombe Secomus (AC)
Shaw Hume (DM 29) Webber ** Mosher **
Sheep (Ind. Pt.) Frog (AC)
Snipe (Rackets, Local)
Spectacle (Rackets Topo 21 A/8)
Star Starr (CGM)
Stony (Stonehurst Topo 21A/8)
Strum Ham Hamm (DM 29)
Sweat Islands (Topo 21 A/8)
Tanner (Trak and Topo 21 A/8)
Young Pernette’s (CGM)
Westaver Westhaver (DM 29)
Wilneffs (near Stonehurst Topo 21A/8)
Zwicker Green (US Hydro.)
AC – Ambrose Church, Map of the County of Lunenburg, early 1880s.
Chart 4381, 1945 ed., corrected to 1946 Chart 4381, corrected to 2011.
CGM – Crown Grants Map, Sheet #47, available through NS Dept. of Natural Resources.
DesBarres – DesBarres Atlantic Neptune, March 1779.
(Mahone Bay Harbour is Prince Harbour , Mackworth Bay is near Oak Is, Mahone Bay is the area between Aspotogan and Chester.)
DM 29 – Department of Mines, 1929.
** Eaton, K., History of Shaw Island, Lancelot Press, 1984.
Island Numbers – Coveys-Island No. 7, Oak Island No.28, from original grants.
Topographical Maps 21/8, 1940, ed. Topographical Maps 21/8 and 9, 2000 ed.
Trak – Mahone Bay Geobathymetrical Chart, www.trakmaps.com
US Hydro – US Navy Hydrographic Office chart “from British Surveys 1862 -1864” Pub.1903, corrected/printed 1927.